Abstract：The group of impress and imperial concubine is in the nascent stage since the period of Emperor Zhao Zu before the establishment of Jin Dynasty. Since the early years of Jin Dynasty , the rudiment of system about granted title has already appeared for impress and imperial concubine. The empresses title and grade system has taken shape initially in the period of Xi Zong, established and improved in the periods of Lord Hailing、Shi Zong and Zhang Zong , declined and gradually decayed in the period of Xuan Zong and Ai Zong. There are four selective ways for impress and imperial concubine, namely hereditary marriage、inheritance acceptance、classes selection、captive acceptance. The empress is mainly selected by hereditary marriage, while the way of selection for imperial
王姝. 金朝后妃封号与选纳制度探析[J]. 辽宁工程技术大学学报(社会科学版), 2015, 17(5): 470-476.
WANG Shu. Research on systems about granted title and selection of empress and imperial concubine in Jin Dynasty. Journal of Liaoning Technical University), 2015, 17(5): 470-476.