Abstract：In Liao Dynasty, when the worship of Buddha was popular, many sects of Buddhism education systems were formed and have profound impact on the political and social life. Politically, the Buddhist scholars and masters with wider range of influence and higher learning advanced in rank and position as the rulers were in favor of Buddhism. Traditionally, on birthdays of Buddhas, the emperors as well as the common people would take part in the celebration activities, such as, carnivals and parades. Parents named their children after Buddhas. Those worshipers’ bodies would be cremated after death. Economically, many social economic phenomena were associated with the Buddhism education, such as, occupation of land, loss of labor force and the crisis of coined money. Meanwhile, Buddhism education in Liao Dynasty played a considerable role in the development of Buddhism in Gaoli.